Saturday, December 2, 2006
Italian Fascism: With his infamous "March on Rome" in 1922, Benito Mussolini sought to ingrain the Italian populace with the concept that the greater good of the community always came before the individual. In other words, the state became the highest form of socio-political reality for all Italians under Mussolini's regime. And yet, it is fair to say that World War II brought about the demise of Italian fascism as an effective political ideology. The idea of the Italian people being governed by the strength of a few was nothing new. Tracing its roots to the feudal societies of Medieval Europe, Italian fascism embodied the notion that individuals detracted from the common good, and thus, absolute unity was required for the survival of the state. Having taken away certain civil liberties in the name of the greater good, Mussolini challenged the Italian people to live by the codes of a communal or collective morality; a morality that was heavily rooted in the rhetoric of Italian nationalism and devoid of attention to most, if not all, Catholic/Vatican principles.